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Home Well-Being Why Dentists Need To Know About Social Determinants of Health

Why Dentists Need To Know About Social Determinants of Health

by Paula
Parker

As the barriers separating medical and dental treatment continue to fall, it becomes increasingly important that we expand our ideas, approaches, and even language, about overall health. One of the most interesting areas of study to emerge has been research into social determinates of health, or SDOH. SDOH are becoming increasingly relevant in the healthcare space as treatment models continue to evolve to more whole patient-centered care.

SDOH are defined as “the conditions where people live, learn, work, and play that affect a wide range of health risks and outcomes.” Conditions such as being uninsured, language barriers, food insecurity, being socially isolated or lonely, access to transportation, and low income, education and literacy levels are just some of the SDOH that can impact your patient’s behaviors and lifestyle choices.

As research continues to mount regarding the impact of oral health on systemic health, these conditions, choices and options for overall healthcare are becoming more relevant to patient care. For dentistry, understanding the role that SDOH play in a patient’s ability to engage in consistent, ongoing dental care is critical to supporting their ongoing oral health, which leads to overall systemic health.

Here are a few scenarios that represent patient impacts of SDOH. They provide examples of situations you may have experienced in your practice that, now equipped with knowledge and awareness, can be identified and acted on proactively:

➤ A patient who is uninsured and low income but not eligible for assistance will likely seek emergent care, but will not engage in routine care to mitigate future events and ensure improved oral health. Combine that scenario with a limited education – less than a high school graduate and at risk for a low literacy level – and you have an individual that will struggle to cover their basic needs, much less pursue regular dental care. Are there resources available that can support you in keeping this patient engaged in their dental care in an affordable and approachable way?

➤ There may be a time in which a longtime senior patient loses a spouse and as a result, loses the person who was responsible for much of their care, including coordination of appointments and transportation to and from, as they also find themselves lonely and unable to remain social and active due to grief. Outreach to that patient could be critical in keeping them engaged in their oral health.

➤ Treating patients that present with signs of nutrition deficiencies could be an opportunity to screen for food insecurity – especially in seniors and children.

Food insecurity is defined as having limited access or an inadequate supply of nutritional foods or limited ability to acquire enough food. This drives higher levels of chronic disease diagnosis and poor disease management – as often times, basic living and/or medication costs take precedent over buying food.

Coupled with poor dental care, oral and systemic health risk is exacerbated. You can ask two simple questions in an approachable and caring manner to screen for food insecurity:

In the last 12 months, have you worried about having enough food or that your food would run out before you could buy more?

In the last 12 months, the food you bought ran out and you didn’t have the money to buy more.

If the response is sometimes or often, you can try to support the patient and their family in locating food resources and continue outreach to ensure they remain compliant with their routine dental care.

WHY SDOH ARE IMPORTANT TO DENTISTRY

As dentistry strives to become more collaborative with medicine and to deliver an integrated care approach, it is critical to correlate oral systemic health with overall wellness, and SDOH are an important part of that mission. As a champion of patient experience in healthcare for a Fortune 100 company, I’ve been witness to the impacts of SDOH and their role in limiting access to the care, programs and services needed to improve patients’ number of healthy days and quality of life. Educating practitioners about SDOH in all healthcare professions helps to create broad awareness and action plans when faced with these patient challenges. As many go without access to dental care because of these social determinants, we must identify and address these situations as we are confronted with them and collectively work to reduce health disparities to improve the health of all.

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Paula
Parker

Paula joined TPD full-time in 2021 after transitioning from corporate healthcare and brings a unique and highly valued skillset. As a seasoned professional, she has 30 years of combined advertising, marketing, program development and implementation, project management, vendor management, and client relations expertise. She has worked for Fortune ranked companies Humana and General Electric, as well as Caesars Entertainment and Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield; she has partnered on special projects with Boston Consulting Group, Deloitte, Disney Institute, University of Houston, and MIT.

Paula’s professional focus for the past 10 years has been with Humana, where she led corporate marketing and branding initiatives with focus on acquisition and retention strategy and the consumer experience; wellness program development, implementation, and management; product innovation with focus on Social Determinants of Health; and was a thought leader in Humana’s commitment to drive improved health outcomes while delivering perfect service to its members. Paula was key in launching the healthcare industry’s first directed-spend food card program to support those at risk of food insecurity and provided millions of dollars in healthy food purchases under her direction and oversight. She remains passionate about supporting those impacted by food insecurity - especially with our nation’s senior population.

While being involved on the sidelines for the past five years, Paula has gained an in-depth understanding and appreciation of the unique challenges facing dentist-owned practices and looks forward to providing excellent support to TPD partners and the community of dentists we serve.

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